pour” interstellar clouds of cold gas into a supermassive black hole in a distant galaxy. In essence, the black hole is “sucking” the gases in the interior of.
The researchers, led by Grant Î¤ÏÎµÎ¼Ï€Î»ÎÏŠ of the University of Yale, USA, who made the relevant publication in the journal “Nature”, they used one of the most powerful telescopes in the world, the layout of the ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter/submilliimter Array) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in the Atacama desert of Chile.
The black hole has a mass of about 300 million Suns and is located in a galaxy cluster “Abel 2597”, at a distance of one billion light-years from Earth. It is one of the most luminous galaxies in the universe, which probably produces a large number of young stars.
Identified three clouds of gas moving towards the central black hole with the breathtaking speed of one million miles per hour. Each molecular cloud has a width of tens of light years, and contains material equivalent to a million Suns. The gas clouds are “only” 150 to 300 light-years from the black hole, which means that -in terms of astronomical distances – this is getting ready to “swallow”.
This is the first direct observation of cold dense clouds, derived from the condensation of hot intergalactic gas and which are immersed in the heart of a galaxy to “feed” the central black hole.
Previously, scientists believed that the largest galaxies are huge black holes are “fed” only with a slow and steady “diet” of hot gas from the halo of the galaxy. However, the new discovery shows that at least some black holes are “fed”, also, through a more chaotic process, “sucking” giant very cold molecular clouds.