World Women’s Day 2024: What we celebrate on March 8

Today, March 8, as every year on this day, the International Women’s Day is celebrated, which is a day of women’s struggles to safeguard their rights. It was first established in 1977 by a decision of the UN General Assembly to highlight women’s problems and promote their rights. However, this holiday has its roots in the early 20th century. More specifically, the International Women’s Day then called the “National Women’s Day” was first celebrated on 28 February 1909 in New York on the initiative of the Socialist Party of the United States, at the suggestion of Teresa Malquiel, in memory of a major protest event held on 8 March 1857 by clothing workers, who sought better working conditions. Several researchers, of course, do not confirm the above incident, considering it to be a myth. After the October Revolution of 1917, feminist Alexandra Collondai and Vladimir Lenin designated 8 March as an official holiday in the Soviet Union, but continued to be a working day until 1965. On 8 May 1965 by decree of the USSR Bureau of the Supreme Soviet, International Women’s Day was declared as a non-working day in the USSR. The example of the Soviet Union was followed by other communist countries, such as China. In particular, following the establishment of the People’s Republic of China on 1 October 1949, the State Council declared this day an official holiday, with women entitled to half a day’s leave. Finally, during the 1960s and 1970s the rise of the feminist movement in the West gave a fresh impetus to the Women’s World Day with the main calling for the elimination of discrimination and stereotypes against women.