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Athens Times

What are the diseases of the skin brings the winter?

By Myrto-Maria Katsouli, Dermatologist-ΑφροδισιολόγοςΗ exposure to the cold can be harmful when the human body is unable to adapt to this. Thus, the following …injuries ec cold, with most of the hypothermia, which can lead to multi-organ failure. The most frequent localized injuries ec cold is the χείμετλα (chilblains). Apart from the cold, plays an important role and the humidity. It is a localized red to violet swelling is mainly observed in the fingers and toes, ears and face. Bullae and ulcers appear in more severe cases. There is a burning sensation and pruritus, and, without treatment, can last 1-3 weeks. Apart from some local or systemic therapy that might recommended, you should avoid exposure to cold and moisture, as well as smoking. The affected area, as well as the entire body should remain warm. In case the lesions do not respond to the usual treatments or often appear and remain during the warm seasons, you will need to be investigated for underlying diseases.Less common παθήσειςΛιγότερο frequent injuries ec cold is frostbite, the syndromes maceration of the foot and the ακροκυάνωση. Frostbite occur when the skin temperature falls below 0°C, and rise rapidly at temperatures lower than -4°C. Formed ice crystals that cause destruction of the cells and the blood circulation is hindered. The districts are divided into 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade, such as burns, depending on the severity. So, in the lighter forms there is only numbness and paleness and more severe cases of bubbles, necrosis, and gangrene. It concerns mainly people who work or exercise outdoors. The affected areas should be επαναθερμαίνονται rapidly and the most appropriate way of doing so is soaking the area in warm water (temperature 35-40°C). In addition to the systemic treatment and a rich diet in proteins, may need surgical cleaning.Other skin diseases that evolved in the cold is the disease and the Raynaud’s phenomenon, livedo blanching, urticaria, panniculitis ec cold, cryoglobulinemia and the κρυοϊνωδογοναιμία.The Raynaud’s phenomenon is due to a paroxysmal vasoconstriction of small arteries and αρτηριδίων of the fingers. When the fingers are exposed to cold, are initially pale, then blue and finally red. The disease and Raynaud’s phenomenon are displayed with an identical image, but in Raynaud’s phenomenon there is a attendant disease, usually diseases of collagen. It is recommended to avoid exposure to cold, smoking cessation and the maintenance of the body and limbs warm. Also, a lot of times administered vasodilators.The usual προβλήματαΌμως, the most common problem in the winter is the dry skin and affects all of us, a little or a lot, and not only people who suffer from a skin disease (e.x. atopic dermatitis). Factors contributing to this is the reduced humidity of the environment, as well as the grooming habits of the skin in the winter (hot shower). In more advanced cases can develop into ξηρωτικό or otherwise αστεατωτικό eczema, especially in the elderly, and the basic remedy lies in the very good local hydration.Another frequent problem is also the erythema ec πυραύνων due to prolonged and repeated exposure of the skin to heating plates (fireplace, stove, hot-water bottle). Usually subsides within a few weeks, since the end of the exposure to the causative agent. In situations, however, that persist or that there is atrophy, should be a further check. Also, solar erythema and sunburn is not rare in the winter if not taken appropriate measures sun protection. Usually, affected individuals participating in recreational activities on the mountain and in the snow (e.x. the skier), where the solar radiation is more pronounced.The measures προφύλαξηςΓια to protect, well, our skin in the winter is important to keep warm extremities (woolen gloves and socks for the cold days) and our whole body. You should avoid hot showers, harsh soaps and soaps, long-term exposure to sources of heat and the tight shoes and too tight gloves, which make our limbs to sweat. Finally, after the bath apply all over body hydrating lotion or cream and don’t forget the sunscreen when there is sun exposure. In any case, however, the instructions are individualized depending on the disease and the patient.Source

By Myrto-Maria Katsouli, Dermatologist-ΑφροδισιολόγοςΗ exposure to the cold can be harmful when the human body is unable to adapt to this. Thus, the following …injuries ec cold, with most of the hypothermia, which can lead to multi-organ failure. The most frequent localized injuries ec cold is the χείμετλα (chilblains). Apart from the cold, plays an important role and the humidity. It is a localized red to violet swelling is mainly observed in the fingers and toes, ears and face.
Bullae and ulcers appear in more severe cases. There is a burning sensation and pruritus, and, without treatment, can last 1-3 weeks. Apart from some local or systemic therapy that might recommended, you should avoid exposure to cold and moisture, as well as smoking. The affected area, as well as the entire body should remain warm. In case the lesions do not respond to the usual treatments or often appear and remain during the warm seasons, you will need to be investigated for underlying diseases.
Less common diseases
Less frequent injuries ec cold is frostbite, the syndromes maceration of the foot and the ακροκυάνωση. Frostbite occur when the skin temperature falls below 0°C, and rise rapidly at temperatures lower than -4°C. Formed ice crystals that cause destruction of the cells and the blood circulation is hindered. The districts are divided into 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade, such as burns, depending on the severity. So, in the lighter forms there is only numbness and paleness and more severe cases of bubbles, necrosis, and gangrene. It concerns mainly people who work or exercise outdoors. The affected areas should be επαναθερμαίνονται rapidly and the most appropriate way of doing so is soaking the area in warm water (temperature 35-40°C). In addition to the systemic treatment and a rich diet in proteins, may need surgical cleaning.
Other skin diseases that evolved in the cold is the disease and the Raynaud’s phenomenon, livedo blanching, urticaria, panniculitis ec cold, cryoglobulinemia and the κρυοϊνωδογοναιμία.
The Raynaud’s phenomenon is due to a paroxysmal vasoconstriction of small arteries and αρτηριδίων of the fingers. When the fingers are exposed to cold, are initially pale, then blue and finally red. The disease and Raynaud’s phenomenon are displayed with an identical image, but in Raynaud’s phenomenon there is a attendant disease, usually diseases of collagen. It is recommended to avoid exposure to cold, smoking cessation and the maintenance of the body and limbs warm. Also, a lot of times administered vasodilators.
The usual problems
However, the most common problem in the winter is the dry skin and affects all of us, a little or a lot, and not only people who suffer from a skin disease (e.x. atopic dermatitis). Factors contributing to this is the reduced humidity of the environment, as well as the grooming habits of the skin in the winter (hot shower). In more advanced cases can develop into ξηρωτικό or otherwise αστεατωτικό eczema, especially in the elderly, and the basic remedy lies in the very good local hydration.
Another frequent problem is also the erythema ec πυραύνων due to prolonged and repeated exposure of the skin to heating plates (fireplace, stove, hot-water bottle). Usually subsides within a few weeks, since the end of the exposure to the causative agent. In situations, however, that persist or that there is atrophy, should be a further check. Also, solar erythema and sunburn is not rare in the winter if not taken appropriate measures sun protection. Usually, affected individuals participating in recreational activities on the mountain and in the snow (e.x. the skier), where the solar radiation is more pronounced.
The precautionary measures
To protect, well, our skin in the winter is important to keep warm extremities (woolen gloves and socks for the cold days) and our whole body. You should avoid hot showers, harsh soaps and soaps, long-term exposure to sources of heat and the tight shoes and too tight gloves, which make our limbs to sweat. Finally, after the bath apply all over body hydrating lotion or cream and don’t forget the sunscreen when there is sun exposure. In any case, however, the instructions are individualized depending on the disease and the patient.
Source

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