Benign diseases of the breast – Maybe it’s not so innocent?

    Stress and panic can cause in women the very frequently occurring benign diseases of the breast.
    There are some types of benign disease…
    of the breast, which is known to increase a woman’s risk to develop breast cancer in the future.
    “Almost 80% of palpable tumors in the breast are benign. It may be a bladder containing a liquid or a ινοαδένωμα, diseases that often cause similar symptoms to cancer of the breast,” explains the surgeon general Dr. Anastasios Ξιάρχος, director of the surgical clinic of the Athens Medical Group – Medical center of Peristeri and president of the Scientific society of Anorectal Surgery. “The remaining 20% is a high percentage, and should place women on the alert so as not to neglect the control and medical monitoring of each πρωτοανακαλυπτόμενου or existing ψηλαφητού a superficially situated tumour”.
    Women suffering from certain benign breast conditions such as papillomas and atypical hyperplasia, have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. There are several studies, the results of which have shown that women diagnosed with atypical hyperplasia are at higher risk of developing breast cancer, than believed in the past, the scientific community. Specifically, they are at 4-5 times higher risk compared with women who have not been diagnosed with the disease.
    During the atypical hyperplasia abnormal cells grow faster than normal. There are two types: the informal λοβιακή hyperplasia and atypical πορογενής hyperplasia. From a study by researchers at the Mayo Clinic in 698 women for finding the percentage of women with atypical hyperplasia of either type will develop breast cancer 5, 10, and 25 years after diagnosis, found that after 5 years of 7% of the women had developed breast cancer, after 10 years of 13% and after 25 years of 30%. The risk depends on the characteristics of atypical hyperplasia, as well as family history and other health factors.
    The researchers found, also, that the number of atypical lesions that were found in the biopsy, affect a woman’s risk to develop breast cancer. When the number of atypical lesions was increased and the same thing happened with the risk for breast cancer. Twenty-five years after the diagnosis with atypical hyperplasia, 47% of women with three or more atypical lesions had developed breast cancer, while the percentage of women who developed cancer with an atypical lesion in the biopsy was 24%.
    “Women who are diagnosed with atypical hyperplasia are considered to be much higher than average risk of breast cancer. Where appropriate, the current guidelines for screening of breast cancer should include mri for women with this disease,” notes Dr. Anastasios Ξιάρχος.
    It doesn’t mean, of course, that all of the benign diseases of the breast need to worry about the women. Can cause pain, but the vast majority are harmless.
    “If a benign tumor is large, change the size and shape of the breast, or developed to the point that it causes problems, such as.x. abnormal discharge from the nipple, or co-exist with other benign tumors, it may be recommended surgery to remove it. Depending on the problem, the surgery can be performed even without a hospital admission,” explains the surgeon.
    The good news is that over 80% of benign tumors does not require any surgery. From the consideration of the imaging and clinical findings, in conjunction with the patient’s symptoms, it is, ultimately, the way to deal with the existing condition.